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Saturday, May 21, 2011

dangers of hiv aids

Among the negative impact of the ease of communication among members of the global community into our state is emerging and developing dangerous diseases such as HIV / AIDS. For the first time unknown people with AIDS in 1981 in the United States and the disease then prevalent in the continent of Africa and western countries like Europe and Latin America to Indonesia (1987). And in 1996 known HIV / AIDS in Indonesia as many as 438 people.

Studies of the UNDP (United Nation Development Program) states that direct and indirect costs to death spend $ 14 billion.

HIV / AIDS and Issues

1. AIDS is a collection of symptoms a disease caused by the HIV virus which is contagious and deadly. Virus damages the human immune system, resulting in the decrease / loss of body resistance so easily contracted and died of infectious diseases, other cancers. And until now has not been found pencegahnya vaccine or drug to cure.

2. According to the calculation of the WHO (1992) not less than 3 people worldwide are infected with the AIDS virus every minute. And terrible is the number of patients was 70% among the young, productive age.

3. High risk groups outbreak this hazard is homosexual, heterosexual, promiscuous, drug addicts sharing needles and free sex as well as those who ignore moral values, ethics, and religion (especially the teenagers / young people aged 13-25 years) .

4. Patterns and western lifestyle as a consequence of modernization, industrialization and progress of science and technology, has led to changes in the value of life which tend to ignore the moral values, ethics, and religion, including the values ​​of sexual relations between individuals.

5. Another issue that affects very high for the transmission of the AIDS virus is a teenager who leaves home / run away to street children and prostitutes who do become sexually active and drug addicts freely and not maintained hygiene / health.

What is AIDS?

AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a collection of symptoms a disease caused by the virus HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).

Unfortunately, when the HIV virus has entered the body, slowly destroying his immune system so that the attacks of other diseases, which are usually harmless, it can cause death.

Why Need to Know HIV / AIDS?

· AIDS is a deadly dangerous disease.

· There is no cure and vaccine pencegahnya.

· AIDS can affect all people indiscriminately.

· Long incubation period between 5 to 7 years.

· Usually people who possessed the HIV virus is not known to himself or others, that he was HIV infected, because he looked healthy and felt healthy.

False views about HIV / AIDS

Many people have heard about AIDS, but not all have the same knowledge and true about the HIV / AIDS. This is seen from the view of the frequently encountered include:

* AIDS is considered as a common sexually transmitted diseases, like syphilis, gonorrhea, and other infectious diseases.
* AIDS is considered easily prevented, for example, only by maintaining cleanliness of their partner agencies, by drinking herbal medicine, or antibiotics before having seksua
* AIDS is considered as the curse of God so that people living with HIV and AIDS sufferers are the people who cursed who should be condemned.
* AIDS is considered only attack large cities frequented by tourists from foreign countries.

Disease symptoms of AIDS (ARC = AIDS-Related Complex)

To determine whether a person possessed the HIV virus, he must check his blood with special tests and consult with a physician. If he's positive AIDS will give rise to symptoms Degnan called ARC (AIDS Relative Complex) The usual symptoms appear in people with AIDS are:

1. Tired prolonged
2. Often fever (> 38 ° C)
3. Shortness of breath and persistent cough
4. Noticeable weight loss
5. Bluish-red spots on the skin / mouth
6. Diarrhea is more a month for no apparent reason
7. White patches / sores in the mouth

Who is at High Risk HIV / AIDS?

1. Those who have sex with people affected by HIV / AIDS without using a condom safety.
2. People who have sex with multiple partners are at risk such as prostitutes and homosexuals.
3. People who received blood transfusions contaminated with the virus.
4. The use of syringes without sterilization alternately
5. Children born to mothers with HIV.
6. People who because of his work is often associated with patients with HIV / AIDS such as doctors, nurses, blood transfusion, midwives, and so on, because it was feared there are wounds on his body. This will be the entrance of HIV / AIDS.
7. · The families in which one family member to travel far and long as sailors, truckers, and pitchman.
8. The family relationship of husband / wife is not getting along or crack.
9. The families who have adolescents before puberty baligh and adolescents who have dropped out of school whose behavior is not controlled daily.

How to Process Transmission of HIV / AIDS?

Body fluids of AIDS patients who participate in the transmission are blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and other body fluids contaminated with HIV, such as saliva. Modes of transmission of AIDS, especially through:

1. Sexual relationships, both with similar and different sexes living with HIV.
2. Exchange of syringes, acupuncture, tattooing, and razors contaminated with the HIV virus.
3. Blood transfusions contaminated with HIV virus.
4. Of pregnant women who possessed the HIV virus to her developing baby.
5. Aid deliveries are contaminated with HIV virus.

AIDS is not contagious because:

1. Shake hands, touch with the body, clothing, and goods of HIV / AIDS
2. Insect or mosquito bites
3. Cheek kissing
4. Food and beverages
5. Living in a home with the patient, provided that no sexual intercourse.
6. Swim together in a swimming pool
7. Patients with sneezing and coughing near us
8. Using the same toilet with people living with HIV / AIDS
9. One office or school, etc..
10. Nevertheless, you still need to be aware when our skin is injured there may be a door entry of the HIV virus.

How to Prevent transmission of HIV / AIDS?

· Conducting dissemination of HIV / AIDS information to friends, groups, and families to reduce anxiety due to false and misleading news.

· Avoiding or preventing the spread of HIV / AIDS on themselves, their families, and group by, among others:

1. Strengthen the faith and piety so as not to fall into pre-marital sexual relations outside marriage and multiple sexual partners as well.

2. Avoid contaminated equipment

* Medical devices sterilized (disinfected) to correct
* Syringe do not turn and not taking drugs
* The shaver should not turn
* The needle piercing, tattoo, salon equipment should be sterile
* Be careful when scrapings

3. People with HIV / AIDS aware to not transmit the disease to others

4. Avoid narcotic drug abuse, alcoholism and all forms of pornography that can stimulate the direction of deviant sexual acts.

5. If husband and wife had been infected with the HIV virus, then use a condom correctly in sexual intercourse.

6. Take security precautions against contamination with HIV / AIDS through needles, blood transfusion, and open wounds.

7. For women with the HIV virus is not recommended for pregnant.

8. Avoid the use of razors, nail clippers, or someone else's toothbrush.

How Our Attitudes Against People with HIV virus and AIDS Patients?

· Think positive and calm, and avoid behavior that could transmit the HIV virus.

· Treat AIDS patients humanely and wisely and do not be ostracized from society.

· Encourage patients to always consult a health worker.

· Guide to the streets of religion in order to remain confident, and convincing repentance accepted the Lord and keep bringing good deeds until the end of his life.

· Alleviate mental suffering of AIDS patients.

• If people with AIDS died, his body treatments specially cultivated.

Prevention of HIV / AIDS According to Islamic Teachings

1. Understanding Islam by knowing that there are five components of life that made the welfare standards of living in the teachings of Islamic jurisprudence, namely the soul, intellect, mind, possessions, nasab / descent and religion / belief.

2. Understanding the meaning of health, according to the conclusion that the General Assembly of 1983 MUI health is "social spiritual and physical endurance which is owned as a gift from God that must be grateful to His guidance practice and maintain and develop it, and there are three types of health, namely physical health, mental health, and public health. In the context of physical health, the Prophet said: "Verily, your body has rights over you."

3. Through the Islamic da'wah in a way amar nahi ma'ruf wrongdoing.

4. Alert to the cunning of Satan and his behavior, in which Allah says:

Meaning:

(Allah) said: "Get out of it as a reviled and driven out. Surely whoever among them follow you, really I will fill the Fire with you all. "(Al-A'raf: 18)

5. Preventing through early education, both the environment and families. Islamic religious education for children from pre-school to school.

Treatment / Prevention HIV / AIDS patients

1. Do repent to Allah, which means that even though God hates people who do sin, but if the sinner repent, believe and do pious, then his sins will be removed by God and will be replaced with kindness.

2. Continue to perform the worship of God, meaning that even in a state of illness of HIV / AIDS should be invited to continue to practice prayer, for goodness contained in the prayer that will eliminate the ugliness / evil.

"If they are you call it does not accept your call (ajakanmu) was then know, the real Al Quran was revealed by science [713] God, and that there is no god but Him, then would you have surrendered (to Allah)?"

(Surah Hud: 14)

3. Stay kind thought and did not despair.

4. Promise not to spread it to others and no longer committing adultery which resulted in people infected with HIV / AIDS.

5. Sholeh charity and increase the faith and devotion to Allah SWT.

Cover

The position of Indonesia with a majority Muslim population, its location is very strategic as the traffic lane interstate becomes confidential information of HIV / AIDS, which is a very dangerous disease that attacks a person's immune system so that patients unable to withstand the attack of a disease. Similarly, the East Java city of Malang and in particular that has become berhimpunannya Students, students, and foreign and domestic tourists are very vulnerable to contracting HIV / AIDS, because of the difficulty of supervision of someone who was dangerous and contagious disease outbreak.

Combating emerging diseases, especially HIV / AIDS, should be noticed four dimensions, ie dimensions of biological, psychological, sociological and spiritual. Therefore, moral education, religious ethics should be inculcated early on. Similarly, mitigation instilled early on. Similarly gulangannya arrests carried out curative and preventive efforts should be made proselytizing by kaffah and accurate and intensive, especially concerning the sexual life of Islamic governance, clean living and values ​​of resignation to the greatness of God and the meaning taubatan Nasuha.

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