let's share knowledge about reproductive biology

Saturday, May 21, 2011

cervical cancer

What is cervical cancer? lets identify and prevent!

Cervical cancer is cancer that occurs in the cervical region. That is the area in which the female reproductive organ is the entrance to the uterus. It lies between the womb (uterus) with female copulation canal (vagina).

99.7% of these cancers are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) oncogenic, which attacks the cervix. Starting occur in the cervix, when it entered the later stages, this cancer can spread to other organs throughout the body.

World Health Organization (WHO) said the current cervical cancer is ranked top among the various types of cancer that causes death in women in the world. In Indonesia, every year more than 15,000 detected cases of cervical cancer.

Approximately 8000 cases of which ended with the death. According to WHO, Indonesia is a country with the number of patients with cervical cancer is highest in the world. Why be so dangerous? Because cervical cancer appeared as enemies in a blanket. It is difficult to detect until the disease has reached an advanced stage.

What exactly is the cause of this cervical cancer?

First, cervical cancer caused by HPV (Human Papilloma Virus). This virus has more than 100 types, where most of them are harmless and will disappear by itself. HPV virus types that cause cervical cancer and most fatal.Akibatnya is a virus HPV types 16 and 18.
-1-cervical cancer

click to zoom: cervical cancer

Second, other than caused by the HPV virus, abnormal cells on the cervix can also grow due to radiation exposure or contamination of chemicals that occur in the long term.

How does cervical cancer spread?

Transmission of HPV virus can occur through sexual intercourse, especially with multiple partners. Transmission of the virus can occur either by transmission through the genital organs to the genital organs, oral to genital, or manually to the genitals.
-3-cervical cancer

click to zoom: the other side of cervical cancer

Therefore, the use of condoms during intercourse does not significantly prevent transmission of HPV virus. For, not only transmitted through the fluid, the virus can move through the touch of skin. Henah lo, mangkanya yaa do not snack.

Let's find out what are the symptoms of cervical cancer this?

In the early stages, this disease does not cause symptoms that are easily observed. That's why, you are already sexually active highly recommended to do pap smear test every two years. Physical symptoms of this disease are generally only felt by patients with advanced cancer.

Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer:

* The emergence of pain and bleeding during intercourse (contact bleeding).
* Excessive vaginal discharge and abnormal.
* Bleeding outside the menstrual cycle.
* Drastic weight loss.
* If the cancer has spread to the pelvis, then the patient will suffer from back pain complaints
* Also obstacles in urination, and kidney enlargement.

How long this period of growth of cervical cancer?

Preinvasif period (growth of abnormal cells before they become malignant) disease is quite long, so people who managed to detect it early on to perform various steps to overcome them.

Infection settling will cause abnormal cell growth that could eventually lead to cancer development. These developments take between 5-20 years, starting from the stage of infection, pre-cancerous lesions to be positive cervical cancer.
-2-cervical cancer

click to zoom: the other side of cervical cancer

Is it true that smokers' risk of contracting cervical cancer?

There are many studies that the relationship between cigarette smoking with increased risk of someone contracting cervical cancer. One is the research conducted at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden and published in the British Journal of Cancer in 2001.

According Joakam Dillner, MD, researcher who led the research, nicotine substance as well as "poison" the other into the blood through the cigarette smoke can increase the likelihood of the condition of cervical neoplasia or abnormal growth of cells in the uterus. "Cervical neoplasia is the initial conditions of developing cervical cancer in a person's body," he said.

In addition to any smoker at risk?

Women are prone to cervical cancer are those aged between 35-50 years, especially you who have been sexually active before age 16 years. Sexual intercourse at early age can increase the risk of cervical cancer by 2 times compared to women who had sexual intercourse after the age of 20 years.

Cervical cancer is also associated with the number of sexual opponent. More and more the opposite sex you have, then increasing the risk of cervical cancer. Just as the number of opposite sex, number of pregnancies that have also experienced increased risk of cervical cancer.

You are infected with HIV and who otherwise had an abnormal pap smear test results, as well as malnutrition, are also at risk for infection with HPV virus. In you are on a strict diet, low consumption of vitamin A, C, and E each day can cause a reduction in the level of immunity in the body, so you can easily become infected.

How do I detect it?

A Pap smear is a standard examination method to detect cervical cancer. However, the pap smear is not the only ways you can do to detect this disease. There is also the type of inspection using acetic acid (vinegar).

Using vinegar is acetic acid which is relatively easier and cheaper to do. If you want a more accurate result, there is now the latest examination techniques for early detection of cervical cancer, a technology called Hybrid Capture System II (HCII).

How to prevent cervical cancer?

Although ranked highest among the various types of cancer that causes death, cervical cancer is the only species that have been known to cause cancer. Therefore, prevention efforts were highly likely to be done. By:

* Not having sex with a partner who alternated
* Diligently perform pap smears every two years for those who are sexually active
* And make HPV vaccination for those who have never done sexual contacts
* And of course maintaining a healthy body

How important is the use of HPV vaccination?

In mid-2006 have been circulating vaccine preventing infection with HPV types 16 and 18 which cause cervical cancer. The vaccine works by increasing the body's immune and catch the virus before it enters cervical cells.

In addition to fortify from cervical cancer, this vaccine is also working to protect women from the threat of multiple HPV types 6 and 11 that cause genital warts. What needs to be emphasized is that the vaccination is only effective when given to girls aged 9 to 26 years who has not been sexually active.

The vaccine is given as much as 3 times within a certain period. With vaccination, the risk of cervical cancer can be decreased to 75%. There is good news, starting this year the price of the vaccine which was originally Rp 1,300,000, - once a syringe to Rp 700,000, - once a syringe.

Are there any side effects from this vaccination?

This vaccine has been tested on thousands of women worldwide. The results showed no harmful side effects. Side effects The most frequent complaints are fever and redness, pain, and swelling at the injection site.

Side effects other frequently encountered are bleeding and itching at the injection site. The vaccine itself is not recommended for pregnant women. However, nursing mothers should receive this vaccine.

Can cervical cancer be cured?

Since not complain about any symptoms, cervical cancer patients usually come to the hospital when the disease has reached stage 3. The problem is that cervical cancer has reached stage 2 to stage 4 have resulted in damage to body organs, such as bladder, kidney, and others.

Therefore, surgical removal of the uterus alone is not enough to make the patient recover as usual. In addition to surgery, patients still have to obtain additional erapi, such as radiation and chemotherapy. Such a move is even unable to guarantee 100% of patients experienced healing.

Choose where? prevented by vaccination or you choose hysterectomy, radiation and kemoteraphy are still not be guaranteed to be healed? Better to prevent than cure right?

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